# Unit 1. Getting Started: Labs

These labs test and build on the material presented in the SWIRL lessons.

Scroll down or click here to check how to submit them.

# Lab 1

1. Read the New York Times and Quartz articles on R.

# Lab 2

## Simple Operations

### 1. Perform the following basic operations in the R console:

a. Add 3 and 5.

b. Add 1, 3, 5, 7 and 11.

c. Subtract 675 from 3.

d. Divide 1 by 1.4.

e. Multiply 2 by 2 by 2.

f. Find 2 to the 3rd power.

## Manipulate Variables

### 2. Assign variables and perform operations

a. Assign 2 to the variable `x`.

b. Add 4 and `x`.

c. Assign 10 to the variable `myVar`.

d. Divide `myVar` by `x`.

## External data and variable manipulation

### 3. Use the Harry Potter movie data (Table 1) to answer each question.

Table 1. Box office history for all Harry Potter movies1.

Release Date Movie Production Budget Domestic Opening Weekend Domestic Box Office Worldwide Box Office
Nov 16, 2001 Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone \$125,000,000 \$90,294,621 \$317,575,550 \$974,755,371
Nov 15, 2002 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets \$100,000,000 \$88,357,488 \$261,987,880 \$878,979,634
Jun 4, 2004 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban \$130,000,000 \$93,687,367 \$249,538,952 \$796,688,549
Nov 18, 2005 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire \$150,000,000 \$102,685,961 \$290,013,036 \$896,911,078
Jul 11, 2007 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix \$150,000,000 \$77,108,414 \$292,004,738 \$942,943,935
Jul 15, 2009 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince \$250,000,000 \$77,835,727 \$301,959,197 \$935,083,686
Nov 19, 2010 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part I \$125,000,000 \$125,017,372 \$295,983,305 \$960,283,305
Jul 15, 2011 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part II \$125,000,000 \$169,189,427 \$381,011,219 \$1,341,511,219
Nov 18, 2016 Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them \$180,000,000 \$74,403,387 \$234,037,575 \$803,798,342

a. Create three separate variables for each of the first three movies, giving them the value of their worldwide box office take.

b. Check if the Sorcerer’s Stone made more money than the Prisoner of Azkaban.

c. How much money did all three movies make together?

# Lab 3

## Generate Vectors

Table 2. Ten random responses from the class survey. You will use this table to answer a few of the questions.

Height Eye Color Shoe Size # Siblings Home Pop. HP Books HP House Ideal Temp Fav Color Tea or Coffee Pineapple on Pizza? Roll your Tongue? Tree or Pollen Allergy
175 Brown 10 2 4621 7 Hufflepuff 21 Blue Coffee Yes Yes Both
177.8 Blue 10 2 200000 7 Ravenclaw 21 Blue Coffee Yes Yes Neither
167.64 Hazel 9.5 3 4988 0 Hufflepuff 15.56 Blue Coffee Disgusting No Both
183 Hazel 11.5 2 62243 5 Ravenclaw 21 Blue Coffee Yes Yes Both
163 Hazel 9 1 3300 7 Hufflepuff 18.9 Green Coffee Disgusting Yes Both
175.26 Blue NA 2 21845 7 Gryffindor 26 Red Tea Yes Yes Neither
165 Brown 8 0 9000000 7 Hufflepuff 20 Purple Coffee Yes Yes Neither
162.56 Brown 7 2 27865 7 Gryffindor 23 Yellow Coffee Disgusting Yes Neither
167 Brown 7.5 0 80000 7 Ravenclaw 23 Blue Coffee Disgusting Yes Both
167 Brown 8.5 5 3500 0 Hufflepuff 27 Blue Coffee Disgusting Yes Neither

### 1. Create the following vectors and save them as variables of your choosing:

a. A vector from 1 to 1000, using `:`.

b. The same vector, using `seq()`.

c. A vector from 0 to 200 in increments of 5, using `seq()`.

d. A vector of 10 1s, using `rep()`.

e. Using `c()`, create a vector of the sizes of your shoe size and 4 random classmates.

f. Using `c()`, create a combined vector of your variables from c, d, and e, and the number 10.5.

## Manipulate vectors

Table 3. Word counts and book size data from The Harry Potter book series.

Title WordCount1 ChapterCount2 PageCount3
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone 76,944 17 223
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets 85,141 18 251
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban 107,253 22 317
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire 190,637 37 636
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix 257,045 38 766
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince 168,923 30 607
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows 198,227 37 607

Sources: 1, 2, 3

### 2. Using data about the Harry Potter series of books (Table 2), create the following vectors and manipulate them:

a. Create a vector of the word count from each book.

b. Create a vector of the number of chapters in each book.

c. Divide the word count of each book by the number of chapters to find the average number of words per chapter.

d. Create a basic plot of the number of words per book.

e. Create the same plot as (d) but add a title, using an additional argument in your `plot()` function. Note that any time you would like to do something extra with a function but don’t know how, you can always use the query command `?` before the function name (but without the parentheses) to view a help file, which will explain the various arguments that can be passed to a function. For example, `?plot`.

## Further vector practice

### 3. Create the following vectors from the class survey data:

a. Create a vector of your classmate’s eye colors.

b. Check what kind of vector this is?

c. Create a vector of the number of harry potter books your classmates have read.

d. Plot this vector.

e. Add a title to the above plot.

# Unit 1 Recap

### 1. Create the following vectors:

a. Generate a vector of 10 shoe sizes, three people with size 10, two of size 11, and five of size 9, using `c()`.

b. Create a vector of the leap years from 1900 to 2018, using `seq()`.

c. Count to 10 in 2s, 5 times.

d. Make a vector of your favorite color repeated 10 times.

e. Five of your classmates like pineapple on their pizza, and five do not. Use `rep()` to create a vector.

### 2. Examine the qualities of each vector with the given quantities

a. What is the structure of your shoe size vector?

b. Summarize the shoe size data. What is the maximum shoe size in the class?

c. How is the structure of shoe size and favorite color different?

### 3. Perform the following on each vector

a. What is the average class height?

b. Create a boxplot of class height.

c. What is the tallest height in the class?

d. What is the average number of harry potter books read?

e. Create a barplot of HP house. Make your plot more informative by adding a title and y-axis label. Check `?barplot` if needed.

f. Create a barplot of yes vs nos to pineapple on pizza. Make your plot more informative by adding a title and y-axis label.

g. What is the mean shoe size? (Note: you will likely have to use the help file for `mean()` here).

# Best Practice Lab

### Correct these R code snippets following the best practice code style.

1. `average<-mean(feet/12+inches,na.rm=TRUE)`

2. `x<-1 : 10`

3. `x [1,]`

4. `mean(x <- 1:10, FALSE)`

5. `doSomethingVeryComplicated(data = datafil1,position="here",baseline = na,title="A very long title")`

6. `x=5`

7. `simonSays <- 'It's time's to gets going, y'all!'`

# How to submit your labs

## How to write up your lab answers

You will need to write R code to answer each of the questions.

Please format your answers as follows:

• Copy and paste each question, commented out. This ensures that we know which answer corresponds to which question.

• Write your R code answer below each question.

It should look something like this:

``````# LAB: Unit 1. Lab 1
# Your Name #  Put your name here

# 1. Add 7 and 3,456.
7 + 3456

# 2. Assign this value to an object
x <- 7 + 3456
``````

## How to submit your lab answers on Canvas

1. Log into Canvas.

2. Go to the Assignments page.

3. Under ‘Labs’, you should find the correct assignment.

4. Copy and paste your R code into the text box.

5. Click ‘Submit Assignment’.

You are permitted to submit your answers as many times as you like within each Unit.

Answers will be graded two or three times a week and re-opened if you submit early.

Each lab will close at its respective deadline (see Canvas).

Final grades for each lab will be computed and entered into the Canvas gradebook at the end of each Unit.

Updated: 2018-09-29